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A few months ago, John Casas and Tonya Hintz scanned the shelves of a north Phoenix video store for a decent film to rent. They found The Spitfire Grill--a 99-cent investment that ended up sending their lives in a whole new direction.
The Spitfire Grill stars Ellen Burstyn as Hannah, the aging owner of a small-town grill in Gilead, Maine. She wants to sell the business but can't find the right person--or the right offer. In walks Percy Talbott, a young woman hoping to start a new life after spending time in prison. Percy suggests an essay contest to choose a winner: 500 words or fewer, and a $100 entry fee. The contest turns out to be a huge success.
Casas and Hintz are the managers and half-owners of Java the Hut, a neighborhood coffee house in the Glendale Galleria at 59th Avenue and Peoria Road. Java the Hut is less rustic and more hip than the Spitfire. Instead of a can of Lysol in the bathroom, there is a vanilla-scented candle. The coffee house is a hangout for Glendale Community College students, not for the sheriff and a nosy postal clerk.
The Spitfire Grill more than intrigued Casas. He's become obsessed with the idea of giving Java the Hut away through an essay contest similar to the one Percy had suggested to Hannah.
But the Attorney General's Office thinks an "essay contest giveaway" may not be legal in Arizona. And the contest could be scuttled if a cash buyer is found through a broker Java the Hut's owners hired before deciding on the contest.
Still, Casas is convinced that the best thing for Java the Hut--and for Glendale--is to give the coffee house to the person with the biggest passion for it instead of the one with the biggest bank account. He's determined to stick with the contest idea.
Casas' contest has slightly different rules than the Spitfire Grill's: 250 words or fewer for the essay, and a cost of only $10 to enter.
"By doing it this way, we can open it up to as many people as possible," says Casas, who likes to call his customers by their first names. "We want to find someone who truly understands the concept of neighborhood and community in a coffee house."
Casas must convince at least 7,000 people that--for the price of a pound of high-end coffee--one of them could actually win the coffee house and everything in it. The owners want a minimum of $70,000 for the business; this price, Casas says, would be fair market value. A maximum of 15,000 entries will be accepted.
"We don't want to take advantage of anyone," says Casas. No one would say exactly what the business is worth, only that recent offers and broker assessments have ranged anywhere from $70,000 to $150,000.
The contest began May 1 and is set to end September 30. If there are fewer than 7,000 entries on September 30, the owners have the right to cancel the contest. If that were to happen, everyone who had entered would get back the $10 entry fee.
Additionally, one of Casas' partners, Matthew George--the original owner of Java the Hut who has retained an ownership interest--had already listed the coffee house with a local business broker before Casas came up with the idea of an essay contest. The broker, Jim Fulton, says he is still under contract to sell it--and the contest could end if he finds a buyer. He says he's shown the coffee house to a few potential buyers.
As of this week, the contest had received about 300 entries. There was the entry from the couple whose son had died of leukemia and another from a man whose three goals in life included owning a coffee house.
Casas hasn't advertised the contest yet but expects the numbers to climb as word gets out.
Casas and his partners plan to judge the entries themselves. Casas says he decided against independent judges; in The Spitfire Grill, Hannah's customers get to read the entries. "I want to read who gets my coffee house," Casas says. "How can you convey to a third party what it is you are looking for in something like this? You can't."
The essays will be randomly spread among the four owners, says Casas. Then the four will get together and choose the top 10. From there, they will pick the winner and two runners-up.
The essays will be judged on four themes: appropriateness, originality, creativity and a perceived genuine interest to run a business. The complete rules are posted in the coffee house and on the contest Web site at http://www.digitronix.com/javathehut.
"This is a game of skill," Casas insists. "It's not a lottery or a game of chance."
The distinction between skill and chance is important under Arizona law. It is not clear whether essay-contest giveaways are considered legal by the state Attorney General's Office, which regulates contests and gambling.
Karie Dozer, a public information officer with the AG's Office, suspects that the contest may not be legal. She hasn't reviewed the rules of this one, and can only talk generally about contests, she says.
Still, this kind of contest could be considered giving away a business through a raffle, Dozer says.