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By Weston Phippen
School district officials and consultants have a warning for the young families buying up houses in the new developments ringing the Valley: Don't expect a neighborhood school for your kids.
Double sessions, packed classrooms and long bus rides will be a reality in the not-so-distant future if laws for finding and buying school sites don't change, they say.
The long-term impact of policies regarding new school construction is one of many important issues almost off the radar of the Arizona Legislature this year, as lawmakers struggle with an immediate budget crisis.
Even those with the most dire of concerns hesitate to complain. They don't want to jeopardize the funding they already have by demanding more money or pushing for changes in state law that would force developers to provide land for schools.
Under current law, the Arizona School Facilities Board, created in 1998 after years of legal battles over school funding, pays for new schools and capital improvements. In the past, school districts that wanted to build new schools asked taxpayers to pass bonds. The courts said that was inequitable, and lawmakers created the board to control school capital projects.
Ed Boot, acting director of the School Facilities Board, insists there's no problem at all. Two weeks ago, the board received $402 million in funding. Currently, they are working on schools that will open in 2006.
"Every school that has been asked for that qualifies under our program, as of today, [has been approved]," Boot says.
But school officials say exploding growth is already creating a demand for new schools greater than they can keep up with. Until now, schools have been lucky for the most part – enough developers have been willing to provide land for schools.
The donations of land and money are strictly voluntary; there is no provision in Arizona law that requires a developer to donate a school site, although there is a requirement that a developer set aside land for a school with an option for the district to buy it.
The idea has worked well, in many cases. Boot says that since 1999, 40 parcels of land worth more than $78 million have been donated by developers and other landowners. The contributor gets a 30 percent tax credit, and homebuilders get to sell homes near schools. (Although that's not as big a plus as one might think, since all a developer has to do to entice buyers is mark off a reserved school site on a development plan – a site that could just as easily end up holding more homes, rather than a school.)
But when the idea doesn't work, there can be disaster, as Tom Murphy has learned. Murphy is executive director of planning and support for the Dysart Unified School District, which includes parts of west Phoenix, Surprise and El Mirage.
Dysart is one of the fastest-growing districts in the state. This year, the district opened its seventh elementary school. In 2008, the 20th is slated for completion.
Murphy is quick to point out that the School Facilities Board has been good to Dysart. The board has approved two high school sites – at up to 60 acres, a high school site is much harder to acquire from a developer than a 15-acre elementary school site – and has been able to get other sites donated by developers.
"It's hard for us to cross the School Facilities Board because they would like to rule with authority, and if we disagree, we have to make a lot of mea culpas," Murphy says. But he adds that while he's had no complaints up to now, his district is on a "collision course."
Dysart has no extra money to supplement land purchases. Right now, almost all of the district's capital goes into portable classrooms.
Some developers are more friendly than others. Murphy and Dysart are currently in a battle with Scottsdale-based Stardust Development, over putting a school in a community called Rancho Gabriela. Land was reserved for an elementary school site, but now the developer wants $1.8 million for the 15 acres.
Murphy is incredulous. "It's not Beverly Hills and it's not Manhattan. It's Surprise, Arizona, where land is going for about $35,000 an acre," he says.
"It's kind of a cute little game," Murphy continues. "Yeah, I'm going to make [the land] available to them for a price I know they can't afford to pay, so they'll have to walk. That's not the intent of a reservation."
Dysart is considering taking Stardust to court. But the district had better act fast. The development is slated for completion in 2004, Murphy says.
Yes, Dysart could ask the School Facilities Board to purchase the land for the school, but the board expects to get the land donated or discounted to 50 percent of the market value, Murphy says.
Stardust did not return a call for comment.
Tim O'Malley, of The O'Malley Group, consults with rural school districts. He says such situations are not uncommon, and believes the law needs to change to force developers to donate land or money.
"Fiscally, I understand what they're doing. They're there to make as much money as they can," O'Malley says, adding, "I think that developers need to realize the impact they have on the communities where they develop."