By Alan Scherstuhl
By Stephanie Zacharek
By Carolina Del Busto
By Amy Nicholson
By Simon Abrams
By Kevin Dilmore
By New Times
By Amy Nicholson
Conventional wisdom says that horror often springs from hard times. Frankenstein, Dracula, the Mummy, and Universal's other golden-age franchise monsters were creatures of the Great Depression, and '70s stagflation brought a new wave of malaise-era serial killers. But skip forward to Reagan's sunny '80s, and you'll find that that's when John Carpenter was doing some of his best work. The Thing (1982) and They Live (1988) are both included in the John Carpenter: Master of Fear Collection, and both are parables for a social contract breaking down. Stalked by a shape-shifting, DNA-infiltrating alien on their Antarctic base, Kurt Russell and company dissolve into mutual suspicion and distrust in The Thing. The beast could be inside any of them, so you have to shoot your pal — or incinerate him with a flamethrower — to save your own skin. It's a reverse guys-on-a-mission flick, in which unit cohesion falters and leader turns against crew. It's morning in America, and utter darkness at the South Pole. In the more satirical horror of They Live, aliens have now taken over the planet and conspired with yuppies to keep the workingman — championed by wrestler Roddy Piper — down. Mind control is achieved through coded TV and advertisements, and the film's bleak end, like that of The Thing, implies that the system will prevail.
The '80s were also very good to John Landis, whose 1981 An American Werewolf in London has been reissued with many extras for a "Full Moon Edition." A new companion doc makes clear how Landis always meant to mix yuks and gore, how he was both a student of the Lon Chaney Jr. originals and a wiseacre about horror conventions. (He wrote the first draft of the film at 19.) Rick Baker's Oscar-winning effects, lovingly detailed in the extras, give the film part of its visceral, pre-CGI charm. Not just applied with a mouse click, the werewolf transformations and gore feel more substantial. And young leads David Naughton and Griffin Dunne don't have the stiffness that can come from acting in front of a green screen. (When fighting for his life, Dunne explains, he was very physically flailing against Baker's puppet-operated wolf's head.)
Less talented than Landis or Carpenter, Wes Craven was always a profitable gore-teur. Yet the trio of titles on the Wes Craven Horror Collection weren't hits on the level of A Nightmare on Elm Street or Scream. Instead, packaged between The People Under the Stairs and The Serpent and the Rainbow, the weird standout is Shocker (1989), which seems to straddle both decades and technologies. A death-row killer inserts himself into the electrical grid to avoid the chair, then squirts in and out of televisions, wall sockets, and other AC devices. This allows him to terrorize the citizenry and taunt a high school jock (a young Peter Berg, now director of The Kingdom and other action fare). It's a wonderfully nutty premise, particularly when Berg starts controlling his tormenter with a TV remote (what else?), and they fight through various television and movie scenes on the idiot box. Melodramatic at its core, the movie's like a weird cross between Videodrome and The Purple Rose of Cairo. The escaped killer (Mitch Pileggi) is ultimately less frightening than TV itself.
Even more humorous in his approach to horror is Sam Raimi, who's peddling both a "Screwhead Edition" of his 1992 classic Army of Darkness and this past May's Drag Me to Hell. The latter is a welcome departure from the "final girl" formula, because its heroine (Alison Lohman) has unquestionably done something wrong. More socially grounded than it needs to be, Drag Me makes her a mortgage banker — the horror of sub-prime lending! — who orders a repo to advance her career. Lohman may be a victim of sexism and subject to class anxiety, but her hands aren't clean. Filthier still is the old Gypsy woman she evicts, and Raimi delights in the grime, drool, effluvia, and vermin that muss our tidy economy. Everything's going so well! Listen to Alan Greenspan! Who is this hag to resist? Lohman deserves the Gypsy hex and the PG-13 plague of humiliation visited upon her. But Raimi implies the real torture is enduring a dinner party with the smug, rich parents of her fiancé. Gypsy magic is bad, but money is the real curse.
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