Special Report: Arizona Gubernatorial Candidate Doug Ducey Hails From an Infamous Ohio Organized-Crime Family

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Both public records and Ducey's family's digital footprint have been helpful in understanding the candidate's relation to a world that sometimes resembles Once Upon a Time in America or The Sopranos, depending on the generation involved.

A 1963 marriage certificate from Ohio's Lucas County, of which Toledo is the county seat, records that at age 19, Madeline Scott, Ducey's mother and the daughter of William and Madeline Scott, wed Douglas Roscoe, who refers to Ducey on Facebook as the "next AZ Governor, my son Doug Ducey."

It's one of several of Roscoe's Facebook references to Ducey and other members of Ducey's family.

According to this, Roscoe is Ducey's cop father, and he identifies himself online as having formerly been with the Toledo Police Department.

Contacted by The Center for Investigative Reporting for this story, the TPD confirmed that Doug Roscoe served as an officer there for about 12 years, from October 1965 to April 1977.

Ironically, during that period, Ducey's grandfather, grandmother, and uncle --Roscoe's in-laws -- were under investigation by various law enforcement agencies.

On Ducey's campaign website, the candidate states that he "visits his dad in Toledo every year around Father's Day."

And Roscoe says on Facebook that he's traveled to Arizona to visit his son's family and attended Ducey's 2011 inauguration as treasurer in Phoenix.

Doug Ducey was born April 9, 1964, the eldest of three siblings, including his younger brother, Nick (whose family nickname is "Nino"), and a younger sister, Kristi.

A 1975 Lucas County marriage certificate records Ducey's mom, identifying herself as Madeline Roscoe, "a divorced woman," marrying Michael Ducey, her second husband, a city tennis champ and real estate developer.

During his address at the Koch summit, Ducey mentions "my folks splitting up my junior year" and "my mom moving west," which would have been about 1981, a year before he moved to Arizona to attend ASU.

(Note: A recent story in the Toledo Blade on Ducey's run for governor misidentifies his father as "Doug Ducey," but the only Doug Ducey in the candidate's family tree, according to public records, is the candidate himself.)

Currently, Ducey's mom, whom Ducey calls "Noni," is married to Ken Burk, an early investor in Cold Stone, whom Ducey talks about in an autobiographical profile he penned for the summer 2012 issue of MASK The Magazine, a publication of the nonprofit group Mothers Awareness on School-age Kids.

"Good luck and good timing collided," he writes, "when my stepfather, Ken Burk, and I put up money to open one of the first-ever Cold Stone Creamery franchises in Glendale in 1994."

Annual reports for Cold Stone Creamery on file with the Arizona Corporation Commission show that Burk was a stockholder in the company and once served as CEO and as chairman of the company's board of directors.

The Burks keep residences in both San Francisco and Arizona and regularly visit Ducey and his family here.

Official photos on the state treasurer's website show that the Burks attended Ducey's 2011 inauguration.

And on primary night 2014, they were on stage at the Hyatt Regency in downtown Phoenix with Doug Roscoe and other family members for Ducey's victory speech.

Relishing the moment, Ducey introduced "my mom, my dad, and our whole family," asking the crowd to welcome them.

Known only to a few on stage, Madeline Burk's father, Ducey's long-dead grandfather, William Scott, worked for years in the gambling operation of his more prominent brother, Tony Paul Scott.

Retired police detective Eugene Fodor was with the Toledo department from 1959 to 1987, part of that time with its organized-crime intelligence division.

Familiar with the Scott family's criminal influence in Toledo, but unaware of the tie to Ducey, Fodor spoke to The Center for Investigative Reporting for this story and explained that William Scott was "like a capo, in the New York verbiage of an organized crime gang."

Fodor, who investigated members of the Scott family while with the TPD, explained that William Scott partnered in the operation of illegal gambling with Anthony "Whitey" Besase, described by Fodor as an underworld figure with Detroit ties.

Several Toledo Blade stories from the 1960s and 1970s name William Scott (Ducey's grandfather), his wife Madeline senior (Ducey's grandmother), and their son Billy (Ducey's uncle) as partners in what could be considered the family business.

In a 1966 Blade item about the burglary of a strongbox from William Scott's home containing $10,000 in jewelry and cash, Scott is described as "a West Toledo man . . . known to the police as a betting shop operator."

A 1968 article from the Toledo daily tells how Scott, his wife, and son Billy "were among 10 persons indicted by a federal grand jury in Detroit . . . on charges of conspiring to conduct an interstate gambling operation."

Earlier that year, the three had been arrested as part of the same case during an IRS raid of gambling houses in Toledo and Detroit.

A Blade item from March 1968 said the raids and arrests were the result of a six-month investigation by "a federal task force investigating organized crime."

Agents seized "cash, betting slips, records and gambling paraphernalia, counterfeit postage stamps in Toledo and a submachine gun in Detroit," the Blade reported.

A 1971 Blade article mentions William and Billy Scott as among 10 people searched as part of raids on homes and businesses by the FBI in an ongoing gambling investigation.

Another 1971 item states that the father and son were pinched by local cops in a raid that netted more than $2,500 in cash and checks, football and World Series betting slips, and a 9-millimeter automatic pistol.

The same article mentions that William Scott had pleaded guilty to a state gambling charge in 1970 and paid a $500 fine.

William, Billy, and Madeline senior later were convicted in federal court, along with others, of "either operating or aiding and abetting in the operation of a [sports] betting business," according to a 1974 Blade item.

The convictions later were thrown out by the Sixth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, which ruled that evidence from government wiretaps in the case had been improperly obtained and must be suppressed.

William Scott died of a heart attack in 1975 at age 56.

His wife and Doug Ducey's grandmother, Madeline Scott, turned 90 in January.

Ducey and other members of his family call her "Gammy," and Ducey has posted family pictures featuring the nonagenarian on both his campaign's Twitter and Facebook accounts.

In the 2012 MASK article, Ducey again cited his Midwestern roots, and pointed to his grandparents as exemplars of his all-American upbringing.

"My mother's parents, my Gammy and Pa, were a very big part of our lives when I was young," he writes. "It was in that environment that the importance of family was instilled in me."

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Stephen Lemons and Lance Williams