Since then, the Pioneer Fund has doled out money to people such as Roger Pearson, a British ex-patriate living in Georgia who, in 1958, founded the Northern League to promote "the interests, friendship and solidarity of all Teutonic nations."
"Early recruits," reports the London-based Independent, "included Hans Gunther, who was awarded a Goethe medal in 1941 for his work on Nordic racial philosophy, Ernest Sevier Cox, an American leader of the Ku Klux Klan, and Dr. Wilhelm Kusserow, a former SS Untersturmfuhrer."
Between 1981 and 1991 alone (payments continued at least through 1994), Pearson received $568,000 from the Pioneer Fund to publish Mankind Quarterly, a publication dedicated to "race science."
In the 1970s, reports the Independent, Mankind Quarterly's editorial advisers included Otmar, Baron Von Verscheur, who had served as director of the genetics and eugenics program at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute during World War II. While at the institute, the baron recommended one of his students, Joseph Mengele, for a post as doctor at Auschwitz.
The Pioneer Fund has also paid for research by various scientists looking for proof of a connection between heredity and IQ scores, and IQ score difference between races.
Some of the Pioneer Fund's largest grants have gone to a well-known--and well-respected--study of twins at the University of Minnesota.
But the fund has also given more than $500,000 to Phillipe Rushton, a Canadian professor who asserts that brain size and intelligence are greater in Asians than whites, who in turn have larger brains and more intelligence than blacks. He also argues that penis size shows a similar, but reverse, correlation, and claims that the larger penises of blacks is an indication of greater promiscuity--a conclusion he based on interviewing 50 black students at the university where he teaches--and proof that blacks are less evolved. In 1989, police investigated Rushton under Canadian hate-propaganda laws but did not charge him.
Weyher has denied that the Pioneer Fund advances a political agenda (which could jeopardize its tax-exempt status), but the Independent noted that in a letter dated November 13, 1989, the Pioneer Fund called for ending government policies which promoted social and educational integration. Such mixing of the races, the fund argued, will not erase innate differences between them: "Raising the intelligence of blacks or others still remains beyond our capabilities."
In 1979, a Petoskey, Michigan, ophthalmologist named John Tanton approached the Pioneer Fund about a new lobbying group he was forming.
Previously, according to James Crawford in his excellent history Hold Your Tongue, Tanton had been involved with the Sierra Club and other environmental groups, and, like many 1970s liberals, had become interested in predictions of a "population bomb." Tanton eventually became president of the national group Zero Population Growth just as declining American fertility rates deflated the population scare. Tanton then turned to population growth caused by immigration but found that liberals in the environmental movement--his former allies--didn't share his enthusiasm because of concerns about racial overtones.
So, in 1979, seeking money to start his own group, Tanton turned to the Pioneer Fund. Since then, Tanton's organization, the Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR)--one of the groups which has come to lobby Arizonans about foreign immigration--has received more than $1 million from its eugenicist benefactor, the Pioneer Fund.
In 1983, Tanton asked California Senator S.I. Hayakawa to serve as honorary chairman of another group he was forming called U.S. English, which would lobby for English-only laws, including the 1988 initiative passed in Arizona.
But that year, 1988, would also see a meltdown of Tanton's influence.
A month before the Arizona vote, the Arizona Republic revealed the contents of an internal U.S. English/FAIR memo prepared by Tanton and not meant for public consumption. The seven-page memo seemed to confirm the worst assumptions about Tanton's organizations. In it, Tanton posed questions about the effects of Latino immigration:
"Will Latin American migrants bring with them the tradition of the mordida (bribe), the lack of involvement in public affairs, etc.? . . . Is assimilation a function of the educational and economic levels of immigrants? If so, what are the consequences of having so many ill-educated people coming in to low-paying jobs? . . . Can homo contraceptivus compete with homo progenitiva if borders aren't controlled? Or is advice to limit ones [sic] family simply advice to move over and let someone else with greater reproductive powers occupy the space? . . . Perhaps this is the first instance in which those with their pants up are going to get caught by those with their pants down!"
Publication of the memo prompted U.S. English president Linda Chavez, a former Reagan administration official whom U.S. English had hired a year earlier, to resign in disgust. Tanton was also persuaded to resign his post at U.S. English amid further revelations.