Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park: Ancient Ruins of the Hohokam

The Hohokam people mysteriously disappeared in the 15th century, but glimpses into their quiet, farming-based lives can be still be seen in the middle of metropolitan Phoenix, at the Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park.

Occupying 3.24 acres just off of Washington Street and east of Sky Harbor Airport, the museum and village ruins illustrate how the Hohokam were pioneers of desert irrigation and flash food farming. In the museum theater, visitors can watch a 10 minute video that gives a quick history.

The Hohokam settlement at Pueblo Grande, established around 450 AD, was once surrounded by the lush riverbanks of the Salt River, and remnants of the Hohokam canal system can still be seen. These canal systems were among the largest in the New World, with one canal extending 20 miles from the river.

Hohokam tools, pottery, petroglyphs, and fabrics are on display in the gallery area, which includes a "Landscapes and Lifeways" exhibit featuring a gigantic Saguaro skeleton (the Hohokam used Saguaro wood in the construction of their homes). Currently, there's an exhibit on farming, which shows how the Hohokam grew cops like corn, squash, and cotton for consumption and trade.

But the main attraction at the Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park is the remnants of the Hohokam village outside. There are various, unrecognizable pieces of old adobe homes down in pits of dirt and partial walls crumbling everywhere, but two large structures clearly stand out: the "Platform Mound" and the "Ball Court."

The Platform Mound was once 30 feet wide and as long as a football field. No one's sure exactly what it was used for, but most scholars seem to agree the mound was the heart of the city, and could have housed high-ranking residences and ceremonial temples.

Now, all that's left is a giant rock plateau, scattered with dilapidated mud and rock walls. Sometimes rooms are recognizable, like one giant room that used to be several storage units, and it's not hard to imagine a civilization thriving here.

To give visitors an idea of what the settlement once looked like, there are several whole replicas of Hohokam pit houses (circa 950 AD) a short distance from the Platform Mound. The Ball Court is just west of these structures.

Excavated in the 1950s, the Ball Court is an oblong circle that stretches 82 feet long and is 38 feet wide. Scholars believe the court hosted some type of ball games that drew cheering villagers, though they're not exactly sure what.

There are a lot of holes in Hohokam history; the population vanished around 1450. Though many suspect a vicious cycle of flood-and-drought or civil unrest against Hohokam chiefs, their demise remains a mystery.

See pieces of history and mystery at the Pueblo Grande Museum, 4619 E. Washington Street, Monday through Saturday from 9 am to 4:45 pm.

Admission costs $6 for adults, $3 for children under 17. Call 602-495-0901 for more information.

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Niki D'Andrea has covered subjects including drug culture, women's basketball, pirate radio stations, Scottsdale staycations, and fine wine. She has worked at both New Times and Phoenix Magazine, and is now a freelancer.
Contact: Niki D'Andrea

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